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  • Ayer Annual1
    • Content: Independent
    • Established: 1889 - 1914
    • Pages: 8
    • Size: 18x24 in.
    • Editor: E.M. Reed
    • Publisher: Reed and Coe; Yakima Herald Pub. Co. (later 19??)3
  • Frequency: Thursday; Weekly3
  • Coverage
    • Region: South Cascades2
    • County: Yakima
  • Unique ids
    • LCCN: sn88085523
    • OCLC: 17416264

Digitization plan

2008-2009 grant
  • Also adding Recordak film (permission received from publisher) 1893-1899, 1905 (3 reels)
  • Checking to see if 1905 from Recordak film can be added
  • Plan to digitize 1900-1912 (12 reels), perhaps also 1905 from WSL (1 reel)


Essay Notes

1989-02-26 Yakima Herald Republic article:

  • 1889 M Reed and James R Coe buy subscription list from Democrat, start "independent" paper.
  • Reed worked for JM Adams at the Signal. Bought the Signal. Coe bought the Signal, changed the name to Democrat. Reed and Coe form partnership, change name of paper to Herald.
  • 1885 controversy over whether to move the town. Republic was advocate of railroad interests. Signal was critical of the gov't land grant plan to give the railroads 40 sections of public land for each mile of track.
  • WSU battle in 1890s.
  • WW "Colonel" Robertson buys Republic in 1898. Purchases the herald in 1912, runs it as a parallel paper. The two merge in 1968.

Essay Draft

E.M. Reed and James R. Coe founded the Yakima Herald in February 1889. Both men had owned other Yakima newspapers prior to this joint venture and had been attracted to Yakima area's potential for growth. The Herald was founded during Washington's transition from territory to state, and North Yakima sought to be named state capital and the site of the state agricultural college. North Yakima lost both contests, but maintained its population of five thousand and developed as an important agricultural center.

The presence of the Northern Pacific Railroad had a strong impact on the development of the city. The residents of the old city of Yakima refused to give the railroad land to build a depot, so the railroad decided to built the line several miles north of the town site. In 1884-1885 the railroad formed the community of North Yakima and offered to assist the residents in relocating. Many residents stubbornly refused, and this tension even resulted in the bombing of the office of the Signal [LCCN 88085526] (a newspaper which preceded the Herald and advocated moving the city to North Yakima). This tension still colored the atmosphere of the city when the Herald was organized in 1889. The town of North Yakima is now called Yakima.

The Herald went through several changes in ownership during its early history. Coe left the paper in 1892 for health reasons. Reed retired from the paper in 1893, and Coe returned as business manager, while W.W. Watson became editor. In 1894 Watson left and Reed returned as editor. Reed continued the paper until 1897 when Charles F. Bailey and George N. Tuesley of Minnesota bought the paper. In 1898 Robert McComb also purchased an interest in the paper and George Tuesley's brother Walter joined the staff. Bailey left the paper in 1899 to work for a steamboat company. These frequent changes in ownership might reflect the financial difficulties that the Yakima Valley faced between following the Panic of 1893.

"Tuesley, McComb & Tuesley" controlled the paper until 1904 when Walter Tuesley and McComb sold their interest. E.L Boardman briefly served as editor. On Novemeber 28, 1905 George Tuesley installed a linotype machine and started publishing the Yakima Morning Herald [LCCN 86072043] daily in addition to the weekly Herald. He sold the paper to his primary competitor Wilbur Robertson, owner of the Yakima Daily Republic [LCCN 88085521], in 1913. Robertson continued both daily papers for many years. Though both were republican papers, he maintained a separate staff for the Daily Republic and the Morning Herald and encouraged the writers and editors to develop a distinct voice for each paper. The weekly Herald ceased publication in 1914.


  1. N.W. Ayer & Son's American newspaper annual -- 1889 -- 524
  2. NDNP Candidate Title List (Appendix A1.2)
  3. Chronicling America record (LOC) - Yakima Herald
  4. WorldCat record - Yakima Herald
  5. WSL record - Yakima Herald
  6. UW record - Yakima Herald


  • Filmed by: OCLC for UW; Recordak for WSL?
  • Positives held by: WSL and UW
  • Negatives held by: UW and ProQuest?
  • Positive Holdings
    • Location: UW MicNews; WSL
    • Call Number: UW A2973; WSL 24/224
    • Library holds: UW 1900-1912 (minus 1905) (12 reels); WSL 1889-1905 (6 reels)


Seems to be labeled and cataloged incorrectly. The paper was filmed with Yakima Morning Herald targets and labled as such. WSL has copies of both Yakima Herald and Yakima Morning Herald labeled film. Yakima Herald film created by Recordak, Yakima Morning Herald mislabled film filmed by OCLC. I checked both copies at WSL and pages from 1900-1904 are identical. 1905 (missing year from UW film) is available on Recordak film. UW/OCLC film seems better, has targets and 20x reduction. lrobinson, 2009/01/28 17:18


See Yakima herald eval spreadsheets (Google)


|Yakima Herald eval spreadsheets (Google)]


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